Pipestone Flyer

• “O Canada,” originally named “Chant national,” was written by Adolphe-Basile Routhier (French lyrics) and Calixa Lavallée (music) and first performed in Quebec City in 1880. The song was approved by the Parliament of Canada in 1967 as the unofficial national anthem and was adopted officially on July 1, 1980.

• The Canadian flag is known as The Maple Leaf or l'Unifolié. 


• At 3,855,103 square miles, Canada is the second largest country in the world, behind Russia.

• Alert, in Nunavut territory, is the northernmost permanent settlement in the world.

• Its population density is 8.6 people per square mile, making Canada the ninth-most sparsely populated nation in the world.

• Canada became a country on July 1, 1867, when the British North America Act was passed by the British Parliament.

• North America's earliest undisputed evidence of human activity, 20,000-year-old stone tools and animal bones have been found in caves on the Bluefish River in northern Yukon.

• North America's lowest recorded temperature was -81.4 degrees Fahrenheit (-63 C) at Snag, Yukon Territory, on February 3, 1947.

• Cryptozoologists claim that Canada is the home of several cryptids, including Sasquatch, a giant sloth-like creature known as the beaver-eater, a cannibalistic wildman named Windigo, and a number of lake monsters, such as Ogopogo in Lake Okanagan, British Columbia.

• The West Edmonton Mall in Edmonton, Alberta, was once the world's largest shopping mall. It now ranks fifth, but it still contains the world's largest indoor amusement park.

• Canada is known as the home of large animals like the moose and grizzly bear, but it is also home to about 55,000 species of insects and about 11,000 species of mites and spiders.